What is tested in a Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Test?
This panel measures the blood electrolyte levels of Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Bicarbonate, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Creatinine & Glucose. This panel also checks the ALT/SGPT, Albumin, Alkaline Phosphatase, AST/SGOT, Bilirubin Total, and Total Protein.
Why are the electrolytes in the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel test important?
Sodium and Potassium are important for nerve and muscle function. Bicarbonate and Chloride levels are related to the body's acid-base balance and abnormalities can cause weakness or fatigue. The BUN and Creatinine tests assess your kidney function and an elevated ratio may suggest dehydration. The Glucose test screens for diabetes by measuring your blood sugar level.
Why are the liver markers in the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel important?
ALT and AST are liver enzymes that are released into the blood when the liver is damaged. Alkaline Phosphatase is an enzyme found in the biliary tree and the bone. It can be released when the bile duct is blocked or inflamed. Bilirubin is a metabolite of red blood cell breakdown and elevated bilirubin causes jaundice. Albumin and Total Protein level will check your overall nutritional status.
What type of specimen will I submit?
This Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) is a blood test.
Do I need to fast to take this test?
An 8-12 hour fast is recommended before testing.
How long does it take to get test results?
It typically takes 4 business days or less.