HIV-1 RNA Test
HIV-1 RNA Test FAQ
What is an HIV-1 RNA test?
Why is an HIV-1 RNA test important?
What type of specimen will I submit?
Do I need to fast to take this test?
How long does it take to get test results?
Accesa Labs does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All users should consult with a medical provider for specific health concerns.
HIV 1 Early Detection Test - More Info
The HIV-1 RNA test, sometimes known as an HIV-1 early detection test, checks for HIV-1 RNA in the blood.
The HIV-1 RNA test is known as an early detection test as it checks for HIV-1 genetic material known as RNA, or ribonucleic acid. This particular lab test uses the APTIMA® HIV-1 RNA qualitative assay, an FDA-approved nucleic acid amplified test (NAAT), to determine results. At present, this HIV-1 RNA test is the only RNA NAAT (nucleic acid amplification testing) assay to support the CDC HIV testing guidelines. The HIV-1 RNA blood test is sometimes used in addition to the standard HIV test and is part of the STD early detection test panel.
To get an HIV-1 RNA test near you, just order online and get your blood drawn at the Quest Diagnostics lab that you selected. Once your HIV-1 RNA lab report is ready, it will be available for electronic download. As can be seen on the sample report link provided, the HIV-1 early detection test results are reported in a qualitative manner. In other words, a negative test result will be reported as not detected as opposed to reporting a number.
This HIV-1 RNA blood test uses a transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) methodology to check for HIV-1 RNA. The TMA methodology uses different enzymes to generate a DNA copy of any RNA detected and then it makes copies of the DNA to make it detectable. According to the manufacturer, the specificity of the Aptima® HIV-1 test was 99.83% and the sensitivity was 100% in the studies used to validate this HIV early detection test. Not only is the HIV-1 RNA blood test helpful in checking for a new HIV-1 infection, it is also useful in confirming a positive HIV-1 screening test and to resolve an inconclusive HIV-1 western blot.
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