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The progesterone test measures the blood level of progesterone, an important steroid. Progesterone is an important hormone in fertility, pregnancy and menstruation and also is a precursor to other hormones in the body.
Progesterone also works collaboratively with other hormones such as estrogens and aldosterone in managing a variety of functions in the body. Progesterone helps thicken the uterus so that it can implant an egg during a normal menstrual cycle and, if no implantation occurs, levels normally decrease and lead to menstrual bleeding.
Progesterone also has other roles in the body. Progesterone helps maintain skin health, regulate temperature, manage the immune response and potentially plays a role in stabilizing blood sugar and insulin levels.