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The uric acid test is a blood test that measures the uric acid level. Uric acid is a normal product of the breakdown of cells and is excreted in the urine.
In human health, uric acid levels become more important when levels are elevated. High blood levels of uric acid, also known as hyperuricemia, are thought to be caused by eating specific types of food as well as taking certain types of medications. When high, uric acid can cause gout, a condition in which the uric acid normally dissolved in fluids in our bodies forms crystals in our joints and skin. Gout is quite painful and symptoms can also include red or hot joints. Gout is typically managed with lifestyle changes as well as medications such as NSAIDs, colchicine and allopurinol. High uric acid levels may also be associated with insulin resistance and the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.