Anemia Test Panel
Anemia Test Panel FAQ
What is the anemia test panel?
Why is the anemia blood test panel important?
What type of specimen will I submit?
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Anemia Blood Test - More Information
The anemia test panel, also known as an anemia blood test, checks blood markers which might help identify different types of anemia in the body. Anemia is generally defined as a a decrease in either the amount of hemoglobin or red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood. Functionally, anemia results in a decreased ability to carry oxygen in RBCs throughout the body, leading to symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, lightheadedness and weakness. Physiologically, severe anemia can cause loss of consciousness, pale skin, and an elevated heart rate.
Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia that may be identified by markers measured in this anemia test panel. In iron deficiency anemia, the body does not have enough iron, leading to decreased numbers of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin levels. In iron deficiency anemia, the ferritin level is typically low. Additionally, iron blood levels are also often low while transferrin and TIBC (total iron binding capacity) blood levels are high. To help check for iron deficiency anemia, this anemia lab panel includes the ferritin test, iron and TIBC test, and the transferrin test.
Another form of anemia this anemia panel checks for is pernicious anemia. In pernicious anemia, vitamin B12 levels are low, often as a result of an attack on stomach cells that make intrinsic factor from intrinsic factor blocking antibodies. To help check for pernicious anemia, this anemia lab panel also includes the intrinsic factor test and the vitamin B12 test.
Megaloblastic anemias are another type of anemia which is often caused by vitamin B12 or vitamin B9 (folate or folic acid) deficiencies. In megaloblastic anemia, red blood cells are found in fewer numbers and the cells are typically bigger than average (as measures by the mean corpuscular volume, or MCV, in the CBC test). Additionally, the reticulocyte count is often low. Folate deficiencies are assessed using the folate test in this anemia lab panel.
This anemia lab test panel includes the CBC test and reticulocyte count test. The CBC test in this panel includes the hemoglobin and hematocrit. The hemoglobin and hematocrit levels are typically low in anemia as they represent the overall mass of red blood cells in the blood. The reticulocyte count test checked in this panel is useful for checking for high counts of immature red blood cells which suggests that mature red blood cells are getting destroyed too quickly.
To get an anemia test near you, order online and get your blood drawn at the selected Quest Diagnostics lab. Once your anemia test panel lab results are ready, they will be available for download. As can be seen on the sample anemia test panel lab report, the various components of the anemia lab test panel will be reported as numerical results which can be compared against the reference ranges provided by the lab.
To specifically look for sickle cell anemia, the sickle cell test is typically more appropriate.
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